Headache - this is one of the most common complaints. Although headache is most often not a sign of serious diseases, yet there are times when it requires medical attention. If a headache is stronger than ever before, you need urgent medical attention. If you are pregnant and you have headaches, discuss this problem with your doctor. About 90% of all headaches are one of three categories: tension headaches, headaches associated with increased blood pressure, cluster headaches and migraine. Tension headaches are often accompanied by stress back and shoulder muscles. They can be caused by emotional and psychological stress, depression and anxiety. Problems with pressure are the most common cause of headache snorting tramadol. If you have a chronic headache (more than 3 times a week for several months), contact your doctor. Cluster (they say histamine-dependent) headaches are usually very strong. Most often, they are middle-aged men. Cluster headache increases rapidly and lasts from 30 minutes to 2 hours. No sign, heralding the onset or end of attack of cluster headache, does not exist.
Migraine is associated with changes in the nervous system, the release of certain chemicals in the brain and dilation of blood vessels. By the possible triggers of migraine are hunger, fatigue, bright lights, alcohol, caffeine, anxiety, stress, certain medications, environmental factors, and some products.
Symptoms of tension headaches include:
- A constant throbbing headache;
- A sense of tension, pressure in the head and neck;
- Discomfort that does not increase or only slightly increased during the execution of everyday affairs.
The ability to relax through meditation, hypnosis, music and video support and stress management techniques can help prevent tension headaches.
Symptoms include cluster headache: - a constant acute pain in the eye, often repeated in the same time; - Redness of eyes, watery eyes and stuffy nostrils (on one side of the face); - Swelling of the eyelids eye. If you have a cluster headache, it is not recommended to take prone position, it can only worsen the condition. Conventional non-prescription pain medications may not help against cluster headache. Consult your doctor, he may prescribe specific medications or suggest other therapies.
About 20% of people who suffer from migraines, seeing bright spots or flashes of light immediately before the next attack of headache. These symptoms are called an aura. Some people have a sharp burst of energy before a migraine attack. In most cases, migraine requires professional diagnosis and medical treatment. Consult your doctor and discuss your treatment. The doctor may prescribe medication to relieve pain
If you have occasional headaches that do not cause great discomfort, you will be able to cope with them independently. It is recommended to consult a doctor for repeated headaches, headaches that appear after a head injury in the last 18 months, as well as severe headaches, lasting more than 3 days. If the headache is accompanied by nausea and vomiting, if the pain is very sharp or acute if the headache is accompanied by fever and a stiff neck (impossible to press the chin to the chest) or weakness of the arms and legs, or numbness, difficulty in speech, blurred vision, uneven gait, the need for immediate treatment for medical assistance.
What you can do
Do special exercises to relax. Ask your doctor to show you these exercises. Take nonprescription pain relievers, such as aspirin, paracetamol or ibuprofen for pain relief. However, they should not be abused. Too frequent use of such drugs can lead to a so-called effect of the impact, and headaches reappear. Babies should not be given acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), as it can lead to a dangerous condition called Reye's syndrome (hepatolenticular syndrome). Try to relax, to rest or sleep in a dark quiet room, keep your head elevated. Apply a cool compress on his head to relieve the pain. Take a cool shower. Massage the muscles of the neck and shoulders.
It is recommended to keep a special diary for headaches of any type. It will identify the most common causes of headache. In the blog you need to enter information about meals, sleep, exercise, work, and home affairs. Women should also record data on menstruation because hormonal changes can also affect the headache. To prevent headaches, avoid any triggers that you were able to determine with the help of a diary. Try to follow the regime. Eat about the same time 3-6 times a day, in small portions. Get enough sleep, go to bed and get up at the same time, Exercise regularly, or sports. If possible, avoid stress. Headaches are often a result of fatigue, stress, emotional disorders. If you smoke, it is recommended how to quit this habit as soon as possible. Smoking can trigger or exacerbate them.