The prostate gland is an organ that is part of the male reproductive system located in the pelvis in front of the rectum, below the bladder buy nolvadex online.
Prostate size normally about the size of a walnut. Because the prostate gland surrounds the urethra initial department (urethra), then increase it can squeeze the urethra and prevent the normal flow of urine from the bladder.
The prostate consists of two types of tissue - muscle and glandular. The first consists of glands that produce fluid that is part of semen. Muscle tissue provides emptying glands during ejaculation. prostate function depends on the presence in the body of male sex hormones (androgens), which stimulates the growth of prostate tissue.
The most common diseases of the prostate are prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), formerly erroneously called "BPH". BPH is not a tumor, but is an excessive formation of normal prostate cells when iron is increasing, squeezing the urethra and creates an obstacle to normal flow of urine.
You should know that BPH may develop into a malignant tumor develops from the cells other than prostate cancer !!! However, the presence of prostatitis or BPH does not preclude the presence of the male prostate cancer.
BPH is a common disease, whose frequency increases with age. Symptoms of BPH found in the majority of men over 50 years, and older than 80 years of BPH revealed more than 90% of cases. The presence of BPH in itself is not an indication for treatment, but some men have severe symptoms or complications of BPH, which require treatment.
From malignancy adenocarcinoma occurs most frequently, which develops from the epithelial cells of the prostate gland, and is 95% of all cases. Pretty rare transitional cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Even more rare non-epithelial malignant tumors of the prostate, information about which is not mentioned in this material.
The term "prostate cancer" is generally understood adenocarcinoma, so hereinafter it will only go on prostatic adenocarcinoma.
Prostate cancer - a very common disease. In the world of prostate cancer occupies the 2nd leading cause of death from cancer in men. In Belarus, the cancer incidence rate of prostate gland is located on the 3rd place after skin cancer, and lung, and 46.3 cases per 100 thousand. Man.
Prostate cancer may be suspected in the presence of the above symptoms in a patient with risk factors after the digital examination of the prostate through the rectum (digital rectal examination). A study to determine the size and density of the prostate, as well as the presence in it of tumor formation.