The increase in thyroid – one of the most common pathologies that occur in both adults and children. Let’s look at the reasons for increase in thyroid, possible diseases caused by the body changes and treatments buy synthroid online.
Increased thyroid is dangerous because the body changes in the early stages are not visible to the average person. But it does not mean that the increase should not ignore. Since in most cases, changes in thyroid indicate severe illness.
But an enlarged thyroid gland is not always an abnormally dangerous and requires the elimination of all depends on the reasons that led to its growth. Any increase in the thyroid gland, called goiter in endocrinology. In medicine, there is a classification that allows you to trace the steps of increasing the body:
The first stage – the thyroid gland is not changed, there is no increase.
The second stage – the thyroid gland is enlarged, but does not deform the neck, can not be seen by visual inspection, but palpable.
The third stage – pathology visible when viewed, clearly seen when turning your head, deforms the neck bends.
Besides palpation and visual inspection, the disease process can be identified and the density of the thyroid gland and its mobility. So, if there are swallowing saliva painful, this may indicate the presence of nodules. Regarding the density, the thyroid is to be elastic, soft consistency. If the authority or the dense woody, this pathology may even thyroid cancer. When swallowing thyroid should move well, that is moving along with the cartilage. If the authority is in place, it may be indicative of cancer process. Thyroid palpation painless, but may cause slight discomfort. The emergence of pain indicates the presence of inflammation and diseases that require consultation with an endocrinologist.
The reasons for the increase of the thyroid gland
Reasons for increase in thyroid varied. Pathology may occur due to bad habits, chronic diseases, working and environmental conditions (air pollution), malnutrition and other factors. The thyroid gland – is the one organ disorders, in which a negative impact on the functioning of the whole organism. If the thyroid gland ceases to cope with the tasks set before it, this leads to a hormonal imbalance. Because of this, women and men have problems with excess weight and childbearing process.
The main reason for the increase of the thyroid gland – hormonal changes in the body. Scientists have confirmed the fact that women are more prone to problems with the thyroid gland. This is because the female body, hormonal changes occur much more frequently and can cause complications. The main stress on the thyroid – is during puberty, pregnancy, childbirth and menopause. Each of these periods is the lack of iodine, and makes the body defenseless. A constant stress and a weakened immune system – this is another reason infectious thyroid lesions.
Symptoms of thyroid enlargement
Symptoms of thyroid enlargement are not immediate. Very often, the symptoms of a sick thyroid mistaken for mental disorders, neurological disorders and other diseases. Major disruptions thyroid gland, manifested as a sharp gain or weight loss, chronic fatigue and nervousness, sweating, pain in the front of the neck, insomnia at night and drowsy during the day, swelling and dryness of the skin, shortness of breath, heart palpitations.
Later, the symptoms described above supplemented small but progressive increase in the front of the neck. Increased painless, but the sprouting node begins compression of the surrounding structures of the neck. Enlarged thyroid gland presses on the esophagus swallowing tube, breathing tube trachea and blood vessels that supply blood to and from the head.
Many patients with enlarged thyroid gland, complain of a feeling of pressure in front of the head. Sometimes there is a light dry cough, which is amplified in the supine position. Particular pressure on the esophagus occurs in swallowing dry food and large chunks. In rare cases, exerted pressure due to increased thyroid, causing wheeze in his voice, as the effect on the nerves that control the vocal cords.