Cramps in children - a fairly common phenomenon. They can occur due to many reasons. The most common of these is the fact that the brain in young children is in the development process, which leads to an increased excitability of the central nervous system of the baby. The walls of the blood vessels in children is very thin, which makes the easy penetration of infections and harmful factors. As a result, the influence of the child may develop cerebral edema, which is accompanied by cramps keppra level test.
All children seizures are divided into two groups - neepelepticheskie and epileptic, and can develop in the first second in time. The diagnosis of "epilepsy" a child can put a doctor, having thoroughly studied the history of his illness. At the same time the expert drew attention not only to what the effect of what has been exposed to the baby, but whether he has a genetic predisposition to seizures.
If there is no reason to think that the disease could transmit the child's parents, the child's central nervous system is not affected, an electroencephalogram shows characteristic changes and there is no specific personality traits in a child up to five years, the doctors refrain from "epilepsy" diagnosis.
Epileptic seizures in children
Non-epileptic seizures in children occur quite often, and the reason for their appearance can be a lot of problems. Causes convulsions in the newborn is able to birth asphyxia, birth injuries, congenital deformities and defects of the central nervous system, heart diseases, diseases of the circulatory system and much more.Children of any age may be caused by seizures intoxication, vaccinations, infectious diseases and metabolic disorders.
Because the diagnosis is associated with serious research, after the first attack of convulsions child must be hospitalized to determine the cause of the body. The following look at the most common causes of seizures in children.
Convulsions in choking in newborn infants
Asphyxiation or suffocation - the most common cause of seizures in children. This occurs as a result of circulatory disorders due to excess carbon dioxide and oxygen deficiency in the blood and tissues. Most often, this phenomenon leads to cerebral edema and petechial hemorrhages in it. In this case the child needs immediate medical attention, as long his stay in this condition leads to scarring of tissue and brain atrophy.
Seizures on the background of asphyxia in newborns occur in cases where childbirth complications occur - the umbilical cord is twisted around the neck of the baby, amniotic fluid depart prematurely, childbirth tightened or there is a placental abruption.
Seizures stopped almost immediately after the child is removed from the state of asphyxia. In this case, brain swelling and the condition of the newborn goes back to normal.
Seizures due to birth trauma in children
Intracranial birth trauma in children is most often accompanied by spasms as a result of a brain hemorrhage. In this case, they usually have a local character - there is a spasm of muscles of the face or limbs. You may also experience a general muscle weakness, as an extreme version of the manifestations - generalized convulsions of the whole body. As a rule, in this case the child turns blue face or entire body, difficulty breathing, vomiting may occur.
If the newborn opens intracranial bleeding and its time does not stop, the seizures can occur in the fourth or fifth day after birth as a result of increase in size of hematoma.
There are times when these seizures appear and later - after two or three months, but already in a fairly stable form. This occurs due to damage of brain tissue due to its scarring, adhesions, or the appearance of cysts. The impetus for the seizure in this case can be a trauma, preventive inoculation or infection.