Candidiasis is a group of diseases, which pathogens are microscopic yeast belonging to the genus Candida. Described more than 20 species of Candida, the most common of which are Candida Albicans. These fungi under normal conditions are found in small amounts in the entire surface of the body diflucan cvs. Under certain conditions, they become so numerous that they become able to cause infection of, especially in areas where support is favorable for them moist and warm Wednesday.
Kandidalnye infections usually occur in the warm and moist areas of the body such as the armpits. Intact skin, usually resistant yeasts, but even minor scrapes and cuts can facilitate the penetration of fungi into the skin.
Typical localization of lesions in infants – the mouth and diaper area.In adults, the incidence of oral yeast infection increases slightly with age. Lesions may occur around dentures, under the breasts and in the lower abdomen and in other skin folds, under the nail plate. In most cases, lesions are superficial and easily removed during treatment.
Relatively rare yeast infection may spread throughout the body (generalized). In 75% of cases of generalized kandidalnaya infection leads to death. Even quite common yeast vaginitis and oral thrush can lead to serious, life-threatening condition and become resistant to most treatments.Frequent recurrence of yeast infection can be a sign of more serious diseases such as diabetes, leukemia or AIDS.
In women, yeast infection is the second most common cause of vaginitis most, accompanied by itching, burning and discharge. Yeast normally found in the vagina of most women and do not cause anxiety, but may grow excessively if the environment changes in the vagina, it is more favorable for them. The use of antibiotics and steroids is the most common cause of excess growth. But certain contributing role in the occurrence of yeast infection is played diabetes and reception of contraceptive tablets, and menstruation and pregnancy.
In people with a weakened immune system as a result of the treatment of cancer, steroid use or AIDS patients, candida infection tends to generalize, disseminate throughout the body and leads to a condition dangerous to life. Most often affects the blood, brain, eyes, kidneys, heart, but sometimes fungi can grow in the lungs, liver and spleen. Candida is the leading cause of esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus) in people with AIDS.
Generalization kandidalnoy infection occurs in approximately 15% of people with weakened immune systems.
The fungus can get into the blood in trauma, cuts or abrasions of the skin or mucous membranes. The growth of yeast perhaps due to the frequent use of strong antibiotics, which kill in addition to the primary infectious agent against which they are directed, and the friendly flora that normally supports the microflora balance, inhibit the growth of fungi.
Yeast infections can contribute to medical devices and implantable into the skin, such as intravenous catheters, urinary catheters and puzyzya. Drug addicts who use intravenous injections, contaminated needles can bring along with other infections and yeast in the skin, deeply lying tissue and blood.
In women, the signs and symptoms of vaginal yeast infection are often reduced to the white, cheesy discharge, usually accompanied by itching and irritation of the vagina and surrounding tissues. In some cases, there may be some increase in symptoms after intercourse, or the appearance of a burning sensation when urinating.
In infants and adults candidiasis may be accompanied by a number of different manifestations. Oral candidiasis (thrush), often simply referred to as “thrush”, is expressed in terms of the appearance, palate, gums and cheeks white spots on the thickened, flushed based on a fuzzy, “lace” edges. Spots can be like a drop of milk or cheese crumbs stuck, but they can not be easily removed. When scraping the plaque tissue to be injured and bleed easily. Often it has a distinctive look flushed, covered with white bloom language. Thrush can be painful and lead to difficulties when taking food, so you should pay attention to possible signs of dehydration. Candida – a natural inhabitant of the skin, but the violation of its integrity could contribute to proliferation of fungus and usually occurs in skin areas where the humidity is maintained, for example, the area under the diapers or skin folds. Superficial skin candidiasis appear foci a red flat rash, often with sharp edges, as a rule, there are pockets of neighboring rash, so-called “satellite lesions”. The rash is often accompanied by itching and pain.